War or peace? Assessing the rise of the Tiwanaku state through projectile-point analysis

D. Hu

Abstract


“A common assumption about warfare is that it is a necessary component of state formation (e.g. Tilly 1985). However, recent research in the southern Titicaca Basin in Bolivia showed a lack of inter-group violence and warfare during early multi-community polity formation, the precursor to state formation (Hastorf 2003). This project traced the evolution of multi-community polity formation in the Taraco Peninsula, Bolivia, before and during the rise of the Tiwanaku state through the analysis of projectile points recovered by the Taraco Archaeological Project. As Tiwanaku’s influence rose, the ceremonial centres of the Taraco Peninsula declined in importance. Did Tiwanaku’s early rise involve violent expansion? . . .”


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